About KohimaKohima is a district in Nagaland, one of the north eastern states in India. It is a hilly district and shares its borders with the Assam and the Dimapur district in the western side, Phek District in the eastern side, Manipur state and Peren district in the Southern side and Wokha district in the Northern side.
History of KohimaKohima is one of the oldest districts amongst the eleven districts in the entire state and Kohima has the first seat of the administration of the Naga hills, under the appointment of G.H. Damant as the political officer during that time. Nagaland was declared as a full fledged state on 1st December, 1963 and during that time itself Kohima was declared the capital of the state. The original name of Kohima was “Kewhira” which was actually the name of the place where Kohima town is actually located. However, the British could not announce the word and hence changed the name to Kohima. Kohima is also known as ‘Bara Bosti’ which is the second largest village in entire Asia.
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Demography of KohimaAccording to the 2011 census, the population of Kohima is 270,063 with the number of males being 140,118 and females are 129,945. Out of the entire population, 36,157 of the population is below 6 years of age. It is in fact a matter of great pride that the average literacy rate of Kohima is 85.58% which is higher than the national average of 74.04% the male literacy rate is 89.28% and the female literacy rate is 81.56%.
Geography and Climate of KohimaThe climate of Kohima is quite moderate and it has a humid sub tropical climate. The climate during the winters is not too cold and during summers it is not very hot either. Geographically, Kohima is centrally located and is surrounded by Assam in the west, Wokha district in the north, Zunheboto and Phek district on the east and in the south by the state of Manipur. The geographical area of Kohima district is 1595 sq. kms.
The latitude and longitude of Kohima district is 25º40'N 94º07'E 25.67ºN 94.12ºE. it is located on a very high ridge and it measures to around 1261 meters (4137 feet). The town in Kohima curls around the mountain ranges at the top.
Tourism in KohimaKohima is a place of immense beauty and landscapes. Today the state of Nagaland has achieved such intense tourism kudos and salutes that people from other countries come to visit this mesmerizing place. Kohima is filled with wildlife and some of the sanctuaries in Kohima are Pulie Badze sanctuary, Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan Sanctuary and Intaki Wildlife Sanctuary. In all of these sanctuaries, a massive number of fauna and flora reside and has made these sanctuaries their home.
Apart from the wildlife and zoological parks, there are also museums and emporiums in Kohima where the ancient and traditional roots of the city is saved and preserved for people to see and witness. The museums are perfectly maintained by the Nagaland government for tourism purposes as well as for its antiquity. Apart from the museums other tourism places in the area are the World War II Cemetery, the Kohima cathedral, the Tuophema tourist Village, Khonoma village, Japfu Peak, etc.
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Transport in KohimaKohima can be accessed via road, train and even air. The nearest airport from Kohima is Dimapur Airport and the nearest railway station is also Dimapur railway station. Buses and taxis however can be hired from Kohima city itself. Private vehicle can easily be driven to Kohima via the roads constructed for accessibility purpose.
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